1 Front

Planning for growth. Building on history.

The ask: To design a transit-oriented mixed use development, while conserving all elevations of the existing “Dominion Public Building”, which was constructed between 1929-1935. The proposed development was also to accommodate a mix of residential, commercial, retail, office and hotel uses strategically located within the city’s Financial District, adjacent to Union Station.

Team Members




The Challenge

The project required a multidisciplinary response to site and area opportunities and constraints including:

  • the presence and adaptive reuse of on-site heritage resources (the Dominion Public Building and the two-storey “Long Room”)
  • structural and servicing challenges associated with the construction of two towers above the retained elevations of the heritage resources
  • the coordination of loading and parking configurations with the adjacent landowner
  • the provision of an improved public realm

Our Solution

Bousfields provided strategic planning and urban design advice to overcome key policy and design considerations associated with the city’s office conversion policies, siting and massing of the two towers above the on-site heritage resources, and overall consistency with Tall Building Design Guidelines.

Bousfields also worked with the city to resolve issues identified over the course of the application review process and to reach a settlement with the city on the Official Plan and Zoning By-law Amendment applications.

The Outcome

We fulfilled our client’s brief by supporting them through a process that led to a city-supported settlement at the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal (as it was then known). The approved mixed-use project will consist of a mix of residential, retail, hotel and office uses proximate to Union Station, and the conservation and adaptive reuse of on-site heritage resources. Along Front Street, the ground level of the existing heritage building will also be lowered to allow for universal access into the building and to provide an enhanced public realm along the street.

Additional community benefits took the form of financial contributions toward affordable housing, local parkland and public realm improvements. The proposal also secured a privately-owned, publicly accessible space (POPS) at the rear of the site.

1 Front

1 Front Street West Holdings Inc.

Address: 1 Front Street West

Peter Smith



Peter is one of the leading urban planning practitioners in the City of Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area and beyond, having graduated from the University of Waterloo in 1979 with a Bachelor of Environmental Studies (Urban and Regional Planning). 

Over the ensuing four decades (and counting), Peter has developed a particular expertise in leading the planning approvals for some of the most complicated and highest profile developments in the Province and, in particular, in the Downtown Toronto area. As well, he has undertaken planning policy studies for the Province and municipalities throughout Ontario and has spoken at numerous conferences and events regarding the need for properly balanced and integrated policy initiatives.

He has been recognized as an experienced professional witness before the Ontario Land Tribunal and the Courts on numerous occasions and has developed a strong reputation for analytical thinking, professionalism and integrity. Peter is a full member of the Canadian Institute of Planners and is a Registered Professional Planner.

Katie Hickey



Katie is involved in a wide range of planning projects across Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area. She is actively involved in the management of various types of development applications and is responsible for the preparation of planning rationale reports and other supporting materials related to development applications. She works collaboratively with municipal staff and multi-disciplinary consultant teams to deliver positive solutions to complex land use issues. In her role, she also has deputed before the Committee of Adjustment, has presented at community meetings, and has prepared and provided evidence at the Ontario Land Tribunal.

Katie became an Associate with the firm in 2021 an holds a Master of Urban Planning degree from Toronto Metropolitan University, having previously earned an Honours Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree from the University of Guelph. In the third year of her Bachelor’s degree program, Katie participated in an international exchange to Copenhagen, Denmark, where she continued to study Landscape Architecture at the Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen. 

Katie is a full member of the Canadian Institute of Planners and is a Registered Professional Planner in the Province of Ontario, and a Candidate Member of the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects (OALA), working towards full membership.